Today is Saturday, July 1, the 182nd day of 2023. There are 183 days left in the year.
Today’s historical highlights:
On July 1, 1966, the Medicare Federal Insurance Program went into effect.
on this day:
In 1863, the pivotal, three-day Civil War battle of Gettysburg began in Pennsylvania, resulting in a Union victory.
In 1867, with the entry into force of the British North America Act, Canada became a British Dominion.
In 1903, the first Tour de France began. (Contest closes July 19; the winner is Maurice Garling.)
In 1944, representatives from 44 countries began meeting in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, and agreed to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
In 1963, the U.S. Post Office introduced five-digit ZIP codes.
In 1973, the Drug Enforcement Administration was established.
In 1991, President George H.W. Bush nominated federal appeals court judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, beginning an ultimately successful confirmation process marked by allegations of sexual harassment.
In 1997, Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule after 156 years as a British colony.
In 2004, actor Marlon Brando died in Los Angeles at the age of 80.
In 2009, actor Karl Malden died at the age of 97 in Brentwood, California.
In 2015, after more than half a century of hostility, the United States and Cuba announced they would reopen their embassies in each other’s capitals, marking a historic full restoration of diplomatic relations between the Cold War rivals.
In 2019, 15-year-old Coco Gough defeated 39-year-old Venus Williams in the first round to become the youngest Wimbledon qualifier in the professional era.
Ten years ago: Nicholas T. Sheley, an ex-convict suspected of eight grisly killings across two states, was arrested outside a bar in Granite City, Illinois. (Shirley is serving multiple life sentences.) The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Denver agreed to pay $5.5 million to settle claims from 18 other people who allege they were sexually abused by priests as children. Clay Felker, founding editor of New York magazine, has died at the age of 82.
Five years ago: Mexican voters, outraged by corruption and violence, elected leftist Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador as president. Canada began imposing tariffs on $12.6 billion worth of U.S. goods in retaliation for new taxes imposed by the Trump administration on U.S. steel and aluminum imports. LeBron James has signed with the Los Angeles Lakers, leaving Cleveland for the second time in his career.
A year ago: The U.S. announced $820 million in new military aid to Ukraine, including a new surface-to-air missile system and counter-battery radar, in response to Russia’s heavy reliance on long-range strikes in its war. U.S. basketball star Brittney Griner is on trial in Russia after being arrested for possession of cannabis oil when she returned to play for the team, in a case amid tensions between Moscow and Washington. (Griner was found guilty and sentenced to nine years in prison, but was released a few months later in a US-Russian prisoner exchange). Canadian rock legend Randy Bachman is reunited in Tokyo with a precious guitar, ending a 45-year search after a Toronto hotel was burglarized.
Today’s birthday: Actor and dancer Leslie Caron turns 92. Actor Jean Marsh is 89 years old. Actor Jamie Farr is 89. Cookie maker Wally Amos is 87. Dancer and choreographer Twyla Tharp is 82. Actor Genevieve Bujold is 81. Deborah Harry, rock singer and actor 78. Michael Pressman, film and television producer and director, 73. Actor Daryl Anderson is 72 years old. Actor Trevor Eve is 72 years old. Actor Terrence Mann is 72 years old. Rock singer Fred Schneider (B-52s) is 72 years old. Pop singer Victor Willis (Village People) is 72. Comedian Dan Aykroyd is 71. Actor Lorna Paterson is 67. Actor Alan Rooker is 67. Suspense novelist Louise Penny is 65. R&B singer Evelyn “Champagne” Kim turns 63. Olympic gold-medal track star Carl Lewis is 62. Country singer Michelle Wright is 62. Actor André Brauer is 61 years old. Actor Dominic Keating is 61. Actor Pamela Anderson is 56 years old. Rock musician Mark Pirro is 53 years old. Rock musician Franny Griffith (Space) is 53 years old. Actor Henry Simmons is 53 years old. -hop artist Missy Elliott is 52 years old. Actor Julianne Nicholson is 52 years old. Actor Melissa Peterman is 52 years old. Actor/writer Jill Kargman is 49 years old. Rock musician Bryan Devendorf (The National) is 48 years old. Singer/songwriter Sufjan Stevens is 48 years old. Actor Thomas Sadoski is 47 years old. Actor Liv Tyler is 46 years old. Actor Hilary Burton is 41 years old. Actor Lindsay Battisson is 40 years old. Actress Leah Seydoux (LEE’-uh say-DOO’) is 38 years old. Actor Evan Ellingson is 35 years old. Actors Andrew and Steven Cavanaugh 31 Actor/singer Chloe Bailey 25. Actor Storm Reid is 20 years old.