press trust of india: Myanmar remains on FATF’s “blacklist” along with Iran and North Korea, with the global counter-terrorism financing and money laundering watchdog labeling the three countries “high-risk jurisdictions” on Friday. In a statement after the FATF’s second plenary meeting in Paris, chaired by Singapore’s T Raja Kumar, the FATF also said the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Turkey, Jordan, South Africa and 20 other countries will be included in the “grey list”, they will be subject to more monitoring. Last October, Pakistan was removed from the “grey list”.
According to the FATF, those countries designated as “high-risk jurisdictions requiring action” are called “blacklisted” countries, and those subject to “enhanced surveillance” are called “greylisted” countries. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the European Union (EU) have not provided economic assistance to the countries in the “black list” and “grey list”.
They also face a number of international economic and financial restrictions and sanctions. In Myanmar, the FATF said the country should continue working to implement its action plan to address deficiencies by demonstrating a better understanding of money laundering risks in key areas, demonstrating that on-site and off-site inspections are risk-based, and that ‘Hundi’ operators have Register and be supervised. “FATF urges Myanmar to work to fully address its AML deficiencies, and Myanmar will remain on the list of countries requiring action until its full action plan is completed,” it said.
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Regarding the UAE, FATF said it had shown significant progress since last February when the country made a high-level political commitment to work with FATF to strengthen the effectiveness of its anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing (AML/CFT) regime, including by showing Continued increase in outbound mutual legal assistance requests to help facilitate investigations into terrorist financing and money laundering schemes.
The UAE should continue its efforts to implement its FATF Action Plan, strengthen and maintain a common understanding of money laundering and terrorist financing risks among the different designated non-financial businesses and professional sectors and agencies, ensuring a more nuanced understanding of the risks of misuse of legal persons as well as applicable laws, it said. Arranging for money laundering and terrorist financing.
In Turkiye, the FATF said it had taken further steps to improve its AML/CFT regime since October 2021, when the country made a high-level political commitment to work with FATF to strengthen the effectiveness of its AML/CFT regime, including By issuing regulations on politically exposed persons and directing the private sector to detect terrorist financing, and by increasing the proactive dissemination of financial intelligence by financial intelligence units.
Turkiye should continue working to implement its action plan to address its strategic deficiencies, including by increasing on-site inspections by regulators across all sectors, commensurate with the risk, and enhancing the use of financial intelligence to support money laundering investigations, it said. The FATF continues to monitor that Turkiye’s supervision of non-profit organizations complies with the risk-based approach set out in FATF standards, the statement said.
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With regard to Jordan, the FATF said that the country should continue its efforts to implement its action plan to address its strategic deficiencies, including completing and disseminating money laundering and terrorist financing risk assessments for legal entities and virtual assets, applying effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions for non-compliance .
South Africa will try to implement its FATF Action Plan by demonstrating a continued increase in outbound mutual legal assistance requests that help facilitate money laundering and terror financing investigations and the seizure of different types of assets depending on their risk profile, it said.