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World News| BRICS countries pledge to promote UN Security Council reform


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cape town [South Africa], June 2 (ANI): BRICS foreign ministers and international relations ministers meet in Cape Town, South Africa on June 1, 2023. The foreign ministers of the participating countries exchanged views on key global and regional trends and issues, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MEA) said in a statement.

Ministers expressed concern over the use of unilateral coercive measures, which are inconsistent with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations and can have negative effects, especially in developing countries. They reaffirmed their commitment to strengthen and improve global governance by promoting a more flexible, effective, efficient, representative and accountable international and multilateral system.

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The Ministers recalled United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 75/1 and reiterated the call for reform of key UN institutions. They recommitted to reinvigorating discussions on UN Security Council reform and continued to work on revitalizing the UN General Assembly and strengthening the Economic and Social Council.

Reaffirm that we will uphold the BRICS spirit of mutual respect, mutual understanding, equality and solidarity, openness and inclusiveness, and strengthen cooperation and consensus under the framework of the three pillars of political security, economic and financial cooperation, and cultural cooperation among BRICS countries.

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The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to strengthening multilateralism and upholding international law, including the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations as its indispensable cornerstone, and the central role of the United Nations in the international system of cooperation among sovereign states to maintain peace and security, promote Sustainable development, ensuring the promotion and protection of democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, and promoting cooperation based on a spirit of solidarity, mutual respect, justice and equality.

Recalling the 2005 World Summit Outcome, they reaffirmed the need for comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including the Security Council, to make it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of developing countries so that it can adequately respond to global challenge.

China and Russia reaffirmed their importance to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs, and supported their desire to play a greater role in the United Nations.

The Ministers reaffirmed the importance of the G20 continuing its role as the premier multilateral forum for economic cooperation, involving developed and developing countries, where major economies work together to find solutions to global challenges. Looking forward to a successful 18th G20 summit during India’s G20 presidency.

Noting the opportunity for India, Brazil and South Africa to build sustained momentum for change during their G20 presidency from 2023 to 2025, they expressed support for their continuity and collaboration during their G20 presidency and wished them success in their efforts .

The Ministers called for the mobilization of the means needed to implement the 2030 Agenda to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the economic, social and environmental levels in a balanced and integrated manner.

In this regard, they emphasized that the Summit on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to be held in New York in September 2023, is a unique opportunity to reaffirm the commitment of the international community to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.

Recognizing the impact on the world economy of unilateral practices that violate international law, the Ministers also noted that unilateral economic coercive measures such as sanctions, boycotts, embargoes and blockades further complicated the situation.

The Ministers supported a free, open, transparent, fair, predictable, inclusive, equitable, non-discriminatory and rules-based multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization (WTO) at its core and special and differential treatment (S&DT) for developing countries, including least developed countries. They underscored their support for efforts to achieve positive and meaningful outcomes on these issues at the Thirteenth Ministerial Conference (MC13).

They committed to engage constructively in advancing necessary WTO reforms with a view to presenting concrete deliverables to MC13. They called for the restoration of a comprehensive and well-functioning dispute resolution system accessible to all members by 2024, and for the election of new Appellate Body members without delay.

They condemned unilateral protectionist measures under the pretext of environmental concerns, such as unilateral and discriminatory carbon boundary adjustment mechanisms, taxes and other measures.

They support a strong global financial safety net centered around a quota-based and well-resourced International Monetary Fund (IMF). They called for the continuation of the IMF’s governance reform process under the 16th General Review of Quotas, including a new quota formula as guidance, to be completed by December 15, 2023.

Ministers stressed the importance of financial inclusion so citizens can benefit from economic growth and prosperity, welcoming the many new financial inclusion technology tools developed by BRICS countries that help ensure citizens’ full participation in the formal economy.

Ministers emphasized the importance of encouraging the use of national currencies in international trade and financial transactions between the BRICS countries and their trading partners.

The foreign ministers emphasized that ensuring energy security is an important foundation for economic development, social stability, national security and well-being of all countries in the world. They called for resilient global supply chains and predictable, stable energy demand to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy.

They also emphasized the importance of enhancing energy security and market stability by strengthening value chains, promoting open, transparent and competitive markets, and ensuring that critical energy infrastructure is protected. They strongly condemned all terrorist attacks against critical infrastructure, including critical energy facilities, and other vulnerable targets.

The Ministers reaffirmed the objectives, principles and provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Paris Agreement, in particular the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC) for different national circumstances, must be respected.

They reaffirmed their national and joint efforts to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement. To this end, they emphasized the importance of developed countries fulfilling their commitments to provide technology and adequate, predictable, timely, new and additional long-term climate finance. Help for developing countries to deal with climate change is long overdue.

They expressed concern that the goal of jointly mobilizing US$100 billion annually by 2020 and US$100 billion annually by 2025 has not yet been achieved, and urged developed countries to fulfill their commitments. They rejected attempts to link security to the climate change agenda and recalled that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, including the annual Conference of the Parties, was the appropriate and legitimate international forum to discuss all aspects of climate change.

Ministers recognized the importance of involving women in peace processes, including conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, post-conflict reconstruction and development, and peacekeeping.

Ministers recalled their national position on the situation in and around Ukraine expressed in appropriate forums such as the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly. They noted with appreciation relevant mediation and good offices proposals aimed at peacefully resolving the conflict through dialogue and diplomacy. They called for the full and effective implementation of the Black Sea Food Initiative and the Memorandum of Understanding between the Russian Federation and the United Nations Secretariat on the promotion of Russian food and fertilizers on the world market, emphasizing the continued delivery of food and fertilizers to those most in need.

Ministers expressed concern over outbreak of violence in Sudan. They urged an immediate cessation of hostilities and called for unimpeded access to humanitarian aid for the Sudanese population. They welcomed the efforts of the African Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, the League of Arab States, the United Nations and its Security Council to resolve the current crisis. They further welcomed the support provided by States, international organizations and institutions in the evacuation of foreign citizens from Sudan.

The Ministers strongly condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, by whomever and whenever. They recognize the threat posed by terrorism, extremism that facilitates terrorism and radicalization.

They reaffirmed their unwavering commitment to further global efforts to prevent and combat the threat of terrorism on the basis of respect for international law, in particular the Charter of the United Nations and human rights, stressing that States have the primary responsibility: to combat terrorism, the United Nations continues to This area plays a central and coordinating role.

The foreign ministers called for the completion and adoption of the “Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism” within the framework of the United Nations as soon as possible, and the initiation of multilateral negotiations on an international convention for the suppression of chemical and biological terrorism in the Conference on Disarmament.

Expressing the need for comprehensive strengthening of mechanisms to address the increasing use of unmanned aerial systems, the Internet and other information and communications technologies, including social media platforms, by terrorists and their supporters in a globalized society for the benefit of terrorist purposes, Examples include recruitment and incitement to commit terrorist acts, as well as financing, planning and preparation of their activities.

The Ministers expressed their full support for South Africa’s 2023 BRICS Presidency under the theme “BRICS and Africa: A Partnership for Accelerated Growth, Sustainable Development and Inclusive Multilateralism”. The two sides committed to work together to ensure the success of the 15th BRICS Summit. Ministers looked forward to the next meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs and International Relations to be held in 2024 on the sidelines of the 78th UN General Assembly, hosted by the Russian Federation as the new BRICS Chair. (ANI)

(This is an unedited and auto-generated story from a Syndicated News feed, the content body may not have been modified or edited by LatestLY staff)


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