Today is Tuesday, July 4, 2023, day 185. There are 180 days left in this year. It’s Independence Day.
Today’s historical highlights:
On July 4, 1776, delegates to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the Declaration of Independence.
on this day:
In 1802, the United States Military Academy officially opened at West Point, New York.
In 1826, 50 years after the Declaration of Independence, former presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died.
In 1831, James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States, died in New York at the age of 73.
In 1863, the Civil War siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, ended with the surrender of the Confederate garrison to Union troops.
In 1910, in Reno, Nevada, black world heavyweight champion Jack Johnson defeated white former champion Jim “The Gentleman” Jeffries in what became known as the “race of the century”. war”.
In 1912, the 48-star American flag was adopted to recognize the status of New Mexico.
In 1939, Lou Gehrig of the New York Yankees made his famous farewell speech, in which he called himself “the luckiest man on earth.”
In 1976, the United States celebrated its bicentennial with a full day of celebrations. President Gerald R. Ford made stops in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, Independence Hall, Philadelphia, and New York, as more than 200 boats marched down the Hudson River in “Operation Sail.”
In 1987, the former Gestapo leader Klaus Barbie, known as the “Butcher of Lyon”, was convicted of crimes against humanity by a French court and sentenced to life imprisonment (died in September 1991).
In 1995, the space shuttle Atlantis and the Russian Mir space station separated after five days of docking in orbit.
In 2009, Serena Williams defeated her sister Venus 7-6(3), 6-2 to win her third Wimbledon title and 11th Grand Slam title.
In 2016, NASA received a radio signal from the solar-powered Juno spacecraft confirming that it had entered orbit around Jupiter after traveling nearly five years and 1.8 billion miles.
Ten years ago: Egypt’s interim president Adli Mansour was sworn in after the ouster of Mohamed Morsi. Mohamed Morsi was an Islamist leader who was overthrown by the military after just one year in power. The Statue of Liberty reopened on July 4, eight months after Superstorm Sandy closed the national symbol of liberty. Bernadette Nolan, 52, who was part of singing sisters group The Nolans and whose song “I’m In the Mood I’m Dancing” in 1979, died in Surrey, England The Mood For Dancing) has taken the world by storm.
Five years ago: British police say two Britons dying in the town of Amesbury were exposed to the nerve agent Novichok, the same substance that poisoned a former Russian spy in the nearby area months earlier. On July 4, a protest against U.S. immigration policies forced the evacuation of the Statue of Liberty, a crowd unfurled banners from a pedestal, and a woman turned police away for hours after climbing onto the base.
A year ago: A gunman opened fire on a rooftop at an Fourth of July parade in suburban Chicago, killing seven and wounding more than two dozen, as hundreds of marchers, parents with strollers and kids on bikes terrified fled. The US said it had concluded that the bullet that killed senior Al Jazeera reporter Shireen Abu Akl was likely fired from Israeli positions. But they said the bullet was too badly damaged to be absolutely certain and there was “no reason to believe” she had been deliberately aimed at.
Today’s birthday: Actor Eva Marie Saint turns 99. Actor Ed Bernard is 84 years old. Actor Karolyn Grimes is 83 years old. R&B singer Annette Beard (Martha and Vanderlass) turns 80. Broadcast journalist Geraldo Rivera is 80 years old. Ron Kovic, Vietnam veteran and peace activist, is 77. R&B musician Ralph Johnson (Earth Wind Fire) is 72 years old. Rock musician Domingo Ortiz (widespread panic) is 71. Singer John Waite is 71. Rock musician Kirk Penjiley (INXS) turns 65. International Tennis Hall of Famer Pam Shriver is 61 years old. Christian rock singer Michael Sweet is 60 years old. Actor, playwright and screenwriter Tracy Letts is 58 years old. Actor Al Madrigal is 52 years old. Actor Jenica Belgier is 49 years old. Actor and singer John Lloyd Young is 48 years old. Singer Stephen “Ste” McNally (BBMak) 45 years old. Actor Becki Newton is 45 years old. Actor Mo McRae is 41 years old. Television personality Mike “The Situation” Sorrentino is 41 years old. R&B singer Melanie Fiona is 40 years old. Malia Obama is 25 years old.