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Thursday, April 18, 2024

ISRO reveals Chandrayaan-3’s lunar temperature graph

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has recently released a significant update related to its Chandrayaan-3 mission, shedding light on the temperature variations across the lunar surface. This revelation comes through the Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) payload, which was onboard the Vikram lander module of the Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft.

According to ISRO, ChaSTE is a pioneering experiment designed to measure the temperature profile of the lunar topsoil, particularly around the south pole region of the Moon.

The main objective behind this experiment is to gain a deeper understanding of the thermal behavior exhibited by the Moon’s surface. The data collected from this experiment is expected to contribute to a more comprehensive comprehension of the lunar environment.

The data shared by ISRO comprises a graph that illustrates the temperature changes observed across different depths of the lunar surface. This data was recorded as a result of the ChaSTE payload’s controlled penetration mechanism, which enabled it to reach a depth of up to 10 centimeters beneath the lunar surface.

This payload is equipped with ten individual temperature sensors, providing a detailed and multi-layered analysis of the temperature variations present in the lunar topsoil.

It’s worth noting that the development of the ChaSTE payload was a collaborative effort, spearheaded by the Space Physics Laboratory (SPL) of ISRO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC).

This endeavor was accomplished in partnership with the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad, reflecting ISRO’s commitment to pooling expertise from various domains for its space exploration endeavors.

Chandrayaan-3, ISRO’s ambitious third lunar mission, achieved a historic milestone by successfully landing its Lander Module (LM) on the lunar surface. This achievement marked India’s entry into an exclusive group of nations capable of accomplishing such feats. Notably, Chandrayaan-3’s Vikram lander successfully touched down on the previously unexplored south pole of the Moon, an achievement that holds immense scientific significance.

In summary, ISRO’s ChaSTE payload has provided a groundbreaking insight into the temperature variations experienced by the lunar surface, particularly around the south pole region.

The payload’s advanced technology, its capability to probe up to 10 centimeters beneath the surface, and the collaboration between ISRO’s Space Physics Lab and the Physical Research Laboratory exemplify India’s dedication to advancing space exploration.

This achievement further underscores the success of the Chandrayaan-3 mission and the significant role that India is playing in expanding our understanding of the Moon and the broader universe.

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