Dubai: Men don’t usually talk about their health and take precautions, they say. Doctors in the UAE want to change that perception and raise awareness about men’s health – especially how to prevent and detect prostate cancer early.
It’s apt timing, as this month, November, is also known as “Movember” or “No-Shave November,” a fad that started in 2003 and has grown into a global movement— Men grow their best beards to support advocacy for men’s health.
Dr Mohammad Horan, a urologist at the NMC Royal Hospital in Sharjah, told Gulf News that even without a beard, people can always support causes that raise awareness about cancer. “One just has to learn about the disease and help others understand it, because early detection is critical to saving lives,” he added.
Dr Holland said: “Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. Excluding skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men.”
“All men are at risk for prostate cancer,” he added, noting: “The most common risk factor is age. The older a man is, the greater his chance of developing prostate cancer. If a man is African American or Having a family history of prostate cancer also increases his risk of developing or dying from prostate cancer.”
Dr Ahmed Hindawi, a urologist at the Saudi German Hospital in Sharjah, said: “Prostate cancer is rare in men under the age of 40, but the chances rise rapidly after the age of 50. Also, about six in 10 men with prostate Cancer occurs in men over the age of 65.”
Dr. Hindawi added: “The reasons for the racial and ethnic disparities, especially among African-American men, are unclear. Prostate cancer is most common in North America, northwestern Europe, Australia, and Caribbean islands. It occurs in Asia, Africa, Central America and South America are less common”.
He added: “As for family history, if you have more than one first-degree relative [father, son, or brother] Anyone with prostate cancer, including three generations of your mother or father’s relatives, is at high risk for prostate cancer. “
signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer that doctors say are sexual dysfunction, weakness or numbness in the extremities, change in bladder habits, frequent pain, blood in the urine, trouble starting to urinate, weak or interrupted urine stream, difficulty emptying the bladder completely, pain or pain when urinating Burning, blood in urine or semen, painful ejaculation; urinating often, especially at night, and back, hip, or pelvic pain that doesn’t go away.
“But it must be remembered that these symptoms may be caused by conditions other than prostate cancer,” they added.
Doctors strongly recommend prostate cancer screening for men age 50 or earlier if other risk factors are present. Most prostate cancers are initially detected by screening with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test or a digital rectal examination (DRE).
“Men who choose to be tested with a PSA below 2.5 ng/mL may only need to be retested every 2 years. Men with a PSA level of 2.5 ng/mL or higher should be screened annually,” said Al Ain NMC Specialist Hospital Urology said Dr Nilkamal Joshi, Head of the Department.
“Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men [after skin cancer], but only one in four men die from prostate cancer. This is a slow growing tumor. “
Dr. Joshi says prostate cancer is preventable. “Many risk factors, such as age, race, and family history, cannot be controlled. But there are things you can do to reduce your risk of prostate cancer.”
“A person must watch their weight, be physically active and eat a good diet. Follow a healthy diet; avoid or limit red and processed meat, sugary drinks. Have regular screenings,” he added.
“Early disease detection can be achieved through screening and individualized risk-adaptation strategies. A doctor’s rectal exam can sometimes detect prostate cancer.”
Time to Get Screened
Professor Haluk Kulaksizoglu, Consultant Urologist, said: “Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. But it is also a cancer that can be cured or managed so that it does not affect the lifespan of the person suffering from it. Done at the right time Proper diagnosis is critical to the management of the disease.”
“Prostate cancer doesn’t show any symptoms until it’s widespread. That’s why all guidelines mandate prostate cancer screening for all men over the age of 50. But in some cases where risk factors are present, the screening age drops to 45 years old,” he added.
“Diagnosing prostate cancer doesn’t mean you’re going to die anytime soon, despite the stigma attached to the word ‘cancer’. The biopsy report tells us the type of cells. That’s important in decision-making.
“Prostate cancer treatment options, regardless of stage, have improved dramatically over the past decade. For men whose cancer is diagnosed at a stage when the cancer has not yet grown outside the prostate, surgery or radiotherapy has an almost 100% cure rate . Each case of prostate cancer requires a tailored treatment by an experienced multidisciplinary team.”
Dr. Kulaksizoglu also strongly reminded: “Prostate cancer is a common and deadly disease. It is sad to see patients with advanced disease just because they neglected simple prostate exams. Loved ones will suffer far less and have the same life expectancy as any cancer-free male in his age group.”
What is the prostate?
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system and includes the penis, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and testicles. The prostate is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It’s about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra. It produces the fluid that forms part of semen.
Prostate Cancer Key Figures
According to the American Cancer Society, “besides skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer among American men.”
• In the US, there will be 268,490 new cases of prostate cancer and approximately 34,500 prostate cancer deaths this year
• About one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime.
• Older men and non-Hispanic black men are more likely to develop prostate cancer.
• It is diagnosed in about 6 in 10 cases in men aged 65 or over and rarely in men under 40.
• The average age of men at diagnosis is about 66 years.
• About 1 in 41 men will die from prostate cancer.
• Prostate cancer can be a serious disease, but most men diagnosed with it do not die from it. In fact, in the United States, more than 3.1 million men diagnosed with prostate cancer are still alive today.