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Monday, December 4, 2023

What can India learn from the UAE in AI?


Building a large language model (LLM) is not trivial. Only a handful of businesses globally have the necessary resources. In fact, Microsoft had to build a supercomputer for OpenAI to train its models.

Recently, the visit of OpenAI CEO Sam Altman has sparked heated discussions on whether India should develop its own LLM. Tech Mahindra CEO CP Gurnani has hinted at the possibility of having his own LL.M. Likewise, AI4Bharat, an initiative of IIT Madras, is reportedly developing a multilingual ChatGPT alternative, but details are scant.

India can take inspiration from the UAE when it comes to establishing an LL.M. Abu Dhabi’s Technology Innovation Institute (TII) recently launched Falcon, a fully open-source LL.M. The Falcon comes in three versions (1B, 7B, and 40B) and ranks high on the Hugging Face OpenLLM leaderboard.

Lessons from the UAE

Founded in 2020 and funded by the Abu Dhabi government, TII has made impressive progress. In just two years, they created an open source LLM that goes beyond Meta’s LLaMA. This achievement is indeed impressive and holds valuable lessons for India. The government, not just in Abu Dhabi but across the UAE, wants to accelerate scientific breakthroughs, develop local talent, attract top global researchers and foster knowledge-based economic growth in a move aimed at reducing the economy’s dependence on oil.

Interestingly, both governments have made significant commitments to the development and implementation of AI technologies as part of their national strategies. Both the governments of the UAE and India have declared their desire to be leaders in AI, releasing AI strategies in 2017 and 2018, respectively. However, India appears to be lagging behind in terms of production.

In 2017, the UAE made history with the appointment of Omar Sultan al-Olama as President World number one Minister of State for Artificial Intelligence. In India, by contrast, the government has failed to appoint the right people to various top positions. For example, in January 2022, the government said it would hire someone with more than 25 years of experience in the semiconductor industry, with more than 10 years of experience globally, as the CEO of the India Semiconductor Mission (doctrine). Currently, however, “the CEO is the joint secretary of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and has no background in semiconductors at all. The chief technology officer is a scientist at MeitY, who has also had no real exposure to the semiconductor industry throughout his career.” Semiconductors analyst Arun Mampazhy said. Purpose.

Furthermore, in 2019, the UAE Minister of Artificial Intelligence unveiled an ambitious roadmap aimed at positioning the UAE as a global leader in AI by 2031. The roadmap outlines a vision to fully harness the potential of AI for national development. In contrast, India currently lacks a similar roadmap, although reports in April indicated that the Indian government had formed a working group to draft a roadmap for an AI ecosystem.

Not only that, but in 2019, the government established the Mohamed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence (MBZUAI), an institution dedicated to promoting AI education in the country. The UAE’s focus on AI education and skills development could inspire India to strengthen its education system to prepare a future-ready workforce. Incorporating AI-related curricula, promoting AI literacy, and providing skills development programs can help India meet the needs of an AI-driven economy.

While India has taken steps to advance AI development, such as setting up three centers of excellence, the dedication and enthusiasm of the UAE government in driving AI growth is a notable example that India can emulate.

moon landing program

Much of the research in this country happens in the artificial intelligence labs of our educational institutions. But compared with the West, most of these are still at the theoretical stage.in previous interactions PurposeProfessor Amrutur Bharadwaj, head of research and director of ARTPARK, said, “I think this has to be driven by the government, they need to inject money into the ecosystem over a period of time.”

Just as India has successfully executed ambitious missions in nuclear power and space exploration, it now needs to take a similar approach in artificial intelligence, Bharadwaji said: “We can start ‘going to the moon’ with adequate funding ‘Mission objectives to change the status quo. We’ve done that in space and in nuclear — so it’s doable.”

Governments also need to ensure active collaboration among academia, industry, and government entities to advance AI research and innovation. India can emulate this approach to accelerate AI development by fostering public-private partnerships, encouraging knowledge exchange, and fostering collaboration.


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